Safeguarding the Welare of Children and Young People

Unit 202

Safeguarding the Welfare of children and young people

Outcome 1

Know about the legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures of safeguarding the welfare of children and young people including e-safety

The term safeguarding children has replaced the term child protection.   Its purpose is to promote children’s safety, welfare and to protect children when abuse happens.   Child protection has been developing over time and especially in the last 50 years or so.   As a result of two well-known cases in 1973 and 2000 a greater to protect children has become more apparent.   As like the Mental Capacity Act 2005, which was introduced to give more protection to vulnerable adults and to ensure that their rights and freedoms of choice are protected, children are protected by the following legislation.

· The United Nations Convention of Rights of the Child (1989) (UNCRC 1989)
There are a total of 54 articles in this act and probably the most important article is article 19, which states to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those responsibly for looking after them.   There are also two further Sections which are important in this act and which highlights the responsibility of parents and professionals working with children to ensure children’s safety.   Section 47 states that the local authority has a duty to investigate when they have reasonable cause to suspect that a child, who lives, or is found, in their area is suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm.   The definition of significant harm is the seriousness or impact of harm through a single action or actions that have occurred over a period of time.   This could be a social services health visitor who visits a family on numerous occasions and on each occasion the child or children are seen to have bruising to the bodies, or even appear to be substantially...