TDA 2.2 Safeguarding the welfare of children and young people.
1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
This treaty sets out the rights and freedoms of all children in a set of 54 articles. Included in those rights are those which ensure that children are safe and looked after. Article 19 states children’s rights to be ‘protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after them’. Those countries which signed up to the Treaty, including the UK in 1991, are legally bound to implement legislation which supports each of the articles.
Children Act 1989
This Act identifies the responsibilities of parents and professionals who must work to ensure the safety of the child. This Act includes two important sections which focus specifically on child protection.
Section 47 states that the Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm’.
Section 17 states that services must be put into place to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within the area who are in need’
The Education Act 2002
This sets out the responsibilities of Local Education Authorities (LEAs), governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm.
Children Act 2004
* services to work more closely, forming an integrated service.
* a ‘common’ assessment of children’s needs
* a shared database of information which is relevant to the safety and welfare of children
* earlier support for parents who are experiencing problems.
All Schools must develop policies which will ensure the safety and well being of children....