Qcf Level 5 - Person Centred Practice

Unit 517 Lead person centred practice

Learning outcome 1 Understand the theory and principles that underpin person centred practice.

1.1 Explain person centred practice

Person centred practice (PCP) is an umbrella term used to describe several methods of providing health and social care to service users where the emphasis, of that care, is based on the personal empowerment of individuals.   It encourages the involvement of non professionals (family and friends) in the planning process. The focus is on the choices, abilities and aspirations of individuals rather than on their deficits. Traditionally social care providers have based their care models on groups of people and more often than not on resources available to them.   It tended to assume that individuals with similar disabilities or illnesses could be cared for and supported somewhat universally with little regard to the individual. Person centre practice, however, aims to treat each person as an individual, having requirements, goals and ambitions unique to them and once these are known and understood then their care and support can, in a sense, be 'tailor made' to suit them.

1.2 Critically review approaches to person centred practice.

Person centred practice is needs-led, in that it should cover every aspect of an individuals health and social care requirements. There are many different approaches to delivering PCP; however there are core elements that should be included in all approaches.

i) Rights - supporting and encouraging an individual to maintain their rights

ii) Independence - promoting, enabling and encouraging an individual to be as independent as possible.

iii)   Choice - allowing, ensuring and promoting individuals to have and make choices.

iv) Dignity & respect - respecting people as individuals and helping to maintain their dignity.

Several different models for delivering PCP have been developed and while each can be very useful they may also have their...