Person Centred Planning Assignment

Person Centred Planning, (PCP), came alive with the introduction of The White Paper, Valuing People, (DOH, 2001). Its main aim is to “identify person centred planning as central to delivering the governments four key principles, (rights, independence, choice and inclusion).” (Cambridge and Carnaby, 2005, p19) PCP is a way for individuals to have more input in their decision making, whether this includes basic day tasks and needs, to identifying future goals and ways that they can achieve these goals. To enable an individual to carry out a PCP they must have a “circle of support” which involves anyone important in the individual’s life and also a facilitator, which is a neutral person who will assist the individual in making the PCP and ensure their   thoughts and wishes are adhered to. A facilitator assists the person in guiding their circle through a process of discovery. The person guides the plan and the facilitator is their assistant. “The facilitator will remain neutral and help keep the process focused and flowing. They do this by asking questions of the person and assisting the person in asking questions of the group.” (Arc, 2009, online)
There are four main types of tools used to develop a PCP. There are MAPS, (Making Action Plans), online (2009), believe it’s a planning tool that begins with the individual’s history. Maps ask a person to tell us some of the things they’ve achieved so far and what they would wish to achieve in the future.
PATHS, (Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope), Cambridge and Carnaby (2005) believes Using the person's dreams as a starting point, a PATH is used to help plan the steps to achieve the individuals dreams and aspirations. The PATH helps to make clear any help that is, needed what steps are to be taken, and any goals to reach and so on. 
ELP, (Essential Lifestyle Planning), Keyes, Owen – Johnson, (2003) believes focuses on supporting older individuals with disabilities as many of them are transitioning back to their...