Ptlls Assignment 4: Analyse different ways in which you would establish ground rules with your learners, which underpin behaviour and respect for others.
In working in a classroom, there are two questions we need to consider, the first is why we need ground rules, and secondly what methods can be used to establish these rules?
The need for ground rules in teaching is paramount. The main factor is that, in creating ground rules we show good classroom management. Ground rules create boundaries for learners and also help to create a “safe” environment which safeguards the rights of individuals. In addition ground rules pre-empt situations which may arise and they promote transparency and democracy. In general ground rules are common sense and can be referred back to whenever necessary.
In adult learning, it can be best to negotiate in order to establish rules. This helps to encourage the class to work together creating a respectful environment, and establishes group work. In addition it enables all the learners to feel they have a stake in abiding by the rules and creates an atmosphere whereby all learners feel able to contribute.
There are several ways of establishing ground rules with learner participation. Brookfield and Preskill (Discussion as a way of teaching: tools and techniques for democratic classrooms) involve the class in thinking of both the worst and the best discussion they have been in, then inviting them to suggest 3 things which ensure those characteristics are either present or not present. The suggestions can then be used to draft rules on which all agree. The small group method splits the class into small groups, with each group having to think of 2 ground rules. After discussing all rules the class then vote for the rules which apply best. The acronym approach such as ROPES invites the learners to find rules which can be applied to each letter of the acronym.
All ground rules however established should be agreed and published...