Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment

Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment
Patrick Maxfield
April 23, 2014
Tanya Thompson

Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment
The psychoanalytic theory of personality was founded by Sigmund Freud who placed importance on psychological conflicts between the components of personality taking place unconsciously. A couple other psychoanalytic theorists were Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler. This paper will compare these three different theories while going into more depth on Freud’s theory, including Freudian defense mechanisms. Hopefully after reading this you will have a better understanding of the psychoanalytical approach to personality.
Let’s start with the Freudian view, Freud believed that human personality consist of three components the id which operates on the pleasure principle. It wants or needs to feel good all the time at any cost. Then there is the ego which operates on the reality principle. The ego understands that the needs of others must be addressed and dealt with. The main role of the ego is to meet the id’s needs and at the same time take into consideration the needs of others. The third component is the super ego it operates on the ideal principal. This is the moral and ethical part of your personality. The super ego is where your conscious comes from. When conflicts between the three components occur Freud came up with his theory of ego defense mechanisms which I will discuss later in this paper. Freud also theorized that humans go through a series of stages called psychosexual development. We will get into more depth about these stages later in the essay.
Carl Jung’s analytic theory is less sexually based and more historically oriented. According to Jung the mind or psyche is divided into three parts. The conscious ego, which is very similar to Freud’s ego. The personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. The personal unconscious contains feelings and thoughts that are not part of conscious awareness. The collective...