Principles of Safeguarding Vulnerable Adults

Unit 204                   Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care.

Outcome 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse.
      1.1 Define the following types of abuse.
Physical abuse: Physical abuse is where physical force is used and results in bodily injury, pain or impairment. For example, hitting, slapping kicking and punching are all types of physical abuse.
Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse is when an sexual action is taken upon an individual without them agreeing. If the individual disagrees and the person still carries out sexual acts this is also classed as sexual abuse.
Emotional/psychological abuse: emotional abuse is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.
Financial abuse: Financial abuse can be very subtle, someone could be telling you what you can and cannot buy or requiring you to share control of your bank accounts. If at any point anyone forces you to share control of your personal account or money this could lead to financial abuse.
Institutional abuse: Institutional abuse is the mistreatment of people brought about by poor or inadequate care or support, or systematic poor practice that affects the whole care setting. It occurs when the individual's wishes and needs are sacrificed for the smooth running of a group.
Self-neglect: Self-neglect abuse excludes a situation in which a mentally competent older person, who understands the consequences of his/her decisions, makes a conscious and voluntary decision to engage in acts that threaten his/her health or safety as a matter of personal choice.
Neglect by others: Neglect by others is when the correct care guidance or assistance is not provided causing mental or physical pain and discomfort to an individual.
      1.2 Identify the signs /or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
Physical abuse: Cuts, burns,...