Shc 24 – Principles of Safeguarding and Protection Health and Social Care

1.1) Define the following types of abuse

- Physical Abuse – Physical abuse is making contact with another person using force and aggression to cause them pain or injury or another type of physical bodily harm.
- Sexual abuse – sexual abuse is when you are forced or persuaded to join in with sexual activities with another person/s
- Emotional/Psychological abuse – psychological abuse is characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder
- Financial abuse - The misuse of a person's funds and assets; obtaining property and funds without his/her knowledge and full consent, or in the case of an elderly person who is not competent, not in his/her best interests.
- Institutional abuse - Institutional abuse is the mistreatment of people brought about by poor or inadequate care or support, or systematic poor practice that affects the whole care setting.
- Self-neglect - Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have
- Neglect by others - Neglect is the failure to provide necessary care, assistance, guidance or attention that causes, or is reasonably likely to cause the person physical, mental or emotional harm or substantial damage to or loss of assets.
- Verbal Abuse - Verbal abuse (also known as reviling) is described as a negative defining statement told to the victim or about the victim, or by withholding any response, thereby defining the target as non-existent.

1.2) Identify the signs and or symptoms associated with each type of abuse

- Physical Abuse – signs and symptoms of Physical abuse are Series of unexplained falls or major injuries. Injuries/bruises at different stages of healing, bruising in unusual sites e.g. inner arms, thighs, Abrasion,...