Peritoneal Dialysis

Original Article
Peritoneal dialysis in animals- A review
R Kushwaha, N Singh
dialysate, dialysis, renal failure
R Kushwaha, N Singh. Peritoneal dialysis in animals- A review. The Internet Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 2008 Volume 7 Number 1.
Peritoneal dialysis has become a commonly practiced technique for the treatment of both acute and chronic kidney failure and for removal of dialyzable exogenous and endogenous poisons in animals. With the increased availability of veterinary services today and with the further advancement expected in the future, peritoneal dialysis likely will find ever widening use, particularly for old and geriatric patients.
Uremia, renal failure and acute intoxication are few medical problems often encountered in animals. In such cases, there is a rise in the waste toxic product in the plasma/blood of the animals. This is frequently reported disease in ruminants seen mainly as a consequence to urolithiasis and ruptures of urinary bladder and following repair of bladder (Reddy et al., 1995). Treatment of early diagnosed cases is often proved beneficial where level of toxicants viz. creatinine and blood urea nitrogen is not too high. Medical management is not suffice in chronic cases with uremia, peritonitis and renal failure.
Dialysis has been introduced along with the medical management to cope up with chronic nature of this disease. Dialysis is the diffusion of solutes from one solution (plasma/ blood/interstitial fluid) to another (dialysate in peritoneum cavity) across a semipermeable membrane (Grauer and Brown, 1997). Dialysis particularly removes the waste or toxic substances rapidly by the process of diffusion, ultrafiltration and solute drainage (Parker, 1980; Thornhill, 1981; Carter et al., 1989) and as a result of that physiology improves drastically over the period of few days/or weeks.
Principle of dialysis
Dialysis is transfer of solutes across a semi-permeable...