Patient Falls

Nursing a patient with MRSA


I have been asked to write a reflection about nursing a patient with MRSA in a hospital. In my writing I am going to explain what is meant my term MRSA and how it is originated,spread,treated and controled.
MRSA stands for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. This term used to describe about the bacteria which are resistant to number of antibiotics including Methicillin. Staphylococcus Aureus is a group of bacteria which lives on the surface of people's skin and inside nose. Normally they are harmless. Most people who carry them are totally unaware that they have it. In fact 30% (NHS choice 2011) of the UK population carries this bacteria in their nose or skin.

How MRSA bacteria Spreads

MRSA bacteria usually spread through skin to skin contact with someone who already has an infection. And also can spread through contact with towels,sheets,or other objects that have been used by the person who has MRSA. This bacteria can survive for long periods on objects or surfaces, such as door handles,sinks,floors and cleaning equipment.

Appearance   of MRSA

MRSA has appeared for three reasons. Wide spread use of antibiotics,genetic selection and our dislike for use of tablets.
Bacteria are constantly evolving because of their genes are constantly changing. The result of this is that some of the bacteria will have more resistance to certain antibiotic than others. In this case the weaker bacteria will be killed and the resistant ones will get longer to die. If they are not treated they will multiply and get more resistant to the antibiotic. Over time this combination of bacterial genetic change and our dislike of tablets has resulted in strains of Staphylococcus Aureus that are resistant to many of antibiotics. That is why Doctors encourage us to finish the course of antibiotics when we are prescribed them. The antibiotic will kill the weaker bacteria and we will start to feel better.