Outline the Current Legislation Covering Home Based Childcare, and the Role of Regulatory Bodies.

There are many laws relating to children and young people in the Uk. My aim here is to outline all those that I have deemed most relevant to home based childcare. The best known and most influential law protecting the interests of children is the Children Act (2004), which is encapsulated by the phrase “the needs of the child are paramount and emphasises five outcomes for children: be healthy; stay safe; enjoy and achieve; make a positive contribution; achieve economic well-being. Other legislation that I believe to be equally as important are as follows:

Sex Discrimination Act (1975) -   No child being cared for should ever be discriminated against on the grounds of their sex.
Race Relations Act (1976) - No child being cared for should ever be discriminated against on the grounds of their race and equal opportunity must be promoted at all times within a childminders setting. Every childminder should have a policy related to this legislation.
Code of Practice for the Identification and Assessment of Children with Special Educational Needs (1994, revised 2001) - Every childminder should be closely monitoring the development and progress of all children in their care. If they notice anything that could be cause for concern, however slight, they should discuss it immediately with the parents.
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (1995) - By law every childminder must report any serious accident or incident that happens whilst a child is in their care.
Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations (1995) - It is good practice for all childminders to be aware of food hygiene and demonstrate good general hygiene everywhere within their homes.
Code of Practice for First Aid (1997) - Every childminder registered with Ofsted must be fully trained and hold an up to date   First Aid certificate.
Protection of Children Act (1998) - Every childminder and every person over the age of 16 living in a childminders home, must submit to...