Ocean Wave as Source of Renewable Energy


Malaysia is a country that being surrounded by water. Ocean wave has been recognised
by the international community as a renewable clean energy source. Many analysis were conducted for the potential   of ocean wave energy along the coastline of Malaysia from
the data   obtained by the Malaysia Meteorological Service (MMS) from 1985 to 2000.
The Malaysian coastline has been divided into four major zones, east peninsular Malaysia, west peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak and Sabah. Locations situated in the South China
Sea has the most promising site for ocean wave potential, with the highest energy
resource available in the months of November to February, which coincide with northeast monsoon season. The annual ocean wave potential is below 5.0 kW/m.


Malaysia is one of the countries mostly surrounded by water. Geographically, Malaysia
can be divided into West Malaysia and East Malaysia. West Malaysia consists of
peninsular Malaysia which can be divided into east peninsular Malaysia and west
peninsular Malaysia. In recent times, search for alternative and renewable sources of
energy has intensified all around the world. Types of alternative and renewable sources
of energy are solar energy, wind energy, ocean wave energy, geothermal energy and biomass. Based that Malaysia is mostly surrounded by water, the potential for an ocean
based energy source is one of the renewable energy sources that can be developed for
the purpose of energy supply.

Analysis of the Data

The climatology of ocean waves is based on the monthly summary of marine meteorological observations published by the Malaysian Meteorological Service (MMS). The data provided by the MMS is presented on monthly charts with individual values. For this study, 16 locations were chosen based on the nearest sea grid to Malaysian coastline.

Figure 1

Figure 1. Map of Malaysia with study locations.

Results and Discussion

Wave characteristics