Nvq Level 3

Professional practice in early year’s settings
Unit: EYMP 4
Assessment- one
Explain the Range of Early Years Settings Reflects the Scope and Purpose of the Sector?
In the UK at the present time the early year’s sector is complex. It was not developed by government policy with specific aims, unlike in many other European countries, but it came about in response to the requirements of families which were based on changing economical and social factors. When men where serving in the armed forces in the second world war there where greater numbers of women needed in the workforce so nurseries where set up to care for the children of the mothers who had to go and work until the war came to an end, and the men returned home for their jobs, women then returned home and nurseries where closed. In the second half of the twentieth century public expenditure on the early year’s provision focused on families who had social needs and difficulties. Local authority day nurseries (family centres) catered mainly for those children who were at risk of harm, particularly in deprived areas. Within the private sector early years provision where put in place such as child-minders, nannies and private day nurseries and these where regulated by the 1948 Nurseries and child-minder’s Act, then followed by the stronger Children Act 1989 and the Care Standards Act 2000. 
There are many different types of childcare provision, these include: Mother and toddler groups- a place were the toddler can socialise with other children their age, whilst the mother or father can stay and learn more ways to look after and help with the child’s development. Pre-school- pre-school is a private nursery, one that is paid for by the parent, they do not do compulsory hours and the child doesn’t have a primary school place already. Some children can go to a school nursery in the morning and then go to a private nursery in the afternoon. Day care- a day care is for children from the age of 3 months to 5...