Nvq 3 in Health and Social Care

Physical abuse is an act of another party involving contact intended to cause feelings of physical pain, injury or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Physical abuse has been described among animals too. In most cases children are the victims of physical abuse, but adults can be the sufferers too. Physically abused children are at risk for later interpersonal problems involving aggressive behaviour and adolescents are at a much greater risk for substance abuse. In addition, symptoms of depression, emotional distress and suicidal ideation are also common features of people who have been physically abused.

Sexual abuse is any sort of non-consensual sexual contact. Sexual abuse can happen to men or women of any age. Sexual abuse by a partner/intimate can include derogatory name calling, refusal to use contraception, deliberately causing unwanted physical pain during sex, deliberately passing on sexual diseases or infections and using objects, toys or other items (e.g. baby oil or lubricants) without consent and to cause pain or humiliation.

Psychological abuse also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma including anxiety, chronic depression or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationship, bullying and abuse in the workplace.

Financial abuse is misuse of a persons funds and assets, obtaining property and funds without his/her knowledge and full consent or in the case of an elderly person who is not competent, not in his/her best interests. This is also known as material abuse. Financial or material abuse can involve the theft or misuse of a persons money or property. It includes behaviours such as misusing a power of attorney, persuading, tricking or threatening the adult out of money, property or possessions, cashing pension or other...