Nvq Health and Social Care 204

Unit 204 principles of safeguarding and
protection in health and social care

outcome 1
physical abuse-
Physical injuries which have no satisfactory explanation or where there is a definite
knowledge, or a reasonable suspicion that the injury was inflicted with intent, or
through lack of care, by the person having custody, charge or care of that person,
including hitting, slapping, pushing, misuse of or lack of medication, restraint, or
inappropriate sanctions.

Sexual abuse-
Sexual acts which might be abusive include non-contact abuse such as looking,
pornographic photography, indecent exposure, harassment, unwanted teasing or
innuendo, or contact such as touching breasts, genitals, or anus, masturbation,
penetration or attempted penetration of vagina, anus, mouth with or by penis,
fingers or other objects.

Emotional/physiological abuse-
Psychological, or emotional abuse, includes the use of threats, fears or bribes to
negate a vulnerable adult’s choices, independent wishes and self esteem; Cause
isolation or over-dependence (as might be signalled by impairment of development
or performance) or prevent a vulnerable adult from using services, which would
provide help

Finacial abuse-
Usually involves an individual’s funds or resources being inappropriately used by a
third person. It includes the withholding of money or the inappropriate or
unsanctioned use of a person’s money or property or the entry of the vulnerable
adult into financial contracts or transactions that they do not understand, to their

Institutional abuse-
Institutional abuse happens when the rituals and routines in use, force residents or
service users to sacrifice their own needs, wishes or preferred lifestyle to the needs
of the institution or service provider. Abuse may be perpetrated by an individual or
by a group of staff embroiled in the accepted custom, subculture and practice of the
institution or service....