Deliberate self harm (DSH)
When one commits an act with the purpose of harming oneself with with/without real suicide intent.
Self injury, self harm. The act of deliberately hurting   your own body such as cutting burning etc.
Typically it is not meant as a suicide attempt. Rather self injury is an unhealthy way to cope with emotional pain, intense anger and frustration.
While self injury may bring momentary a sense of calm and a release of tension it is usually followed by guilt and shame and the return of painful emotions. And with self injury comes the possibility of more serious and even fatal self aggressive action.
It can be considered as impulse control behavioural problem
It can be linked with depression, eating disorder and BPD

Youths usually indulge in methods such as cutting, poisoning and overdose
Children usually scratch or bite themselves
Intellectual and developmental disabilities are also at risk of various self injurious behaviour but are not cognizant of the behaviour.

Etiological factors
  * Overt depression
  * Low self-esteem and a sense of persistent hopelessness
  * Impulsivity
  * School influence of intimation such as bullying
  * Family dysfunction and conflict
  * Poverty
  * Abuse
  * Recent research links the aggravated effects of bullying (including cyber bullying) to DSH and suicidal ideation

The type of DSH behaviour does not predict the degree, extent or gravity of potential underlying psychopathology.
In some cases of DSH there are severe family dysfunction and family communication problems. Such defects in communication can induce patterns of depersonalisation that lead to states of dis-sociation.
Other family pathology (including physical sexual abuse, sever neglect, early separation from parents, intense parental criticism, and rejection) can result in DSH
Misleading information on the internet about DSH
Often described as a rationale behaviour that represents personal...