Understand how to safeguard the well being of children and young people
1 Understand the main legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people
1.1 Outline current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people
The Children Act 1989 introduced a wide-range of changes to legislation in England and Wales. It ensured the welfare of children and young people and it recognised the responsibility of parents and of those who work with children and young people to ensure their safety. The main aims were to:
  * achieve a balance between protecting children and the rights of parents to challenge state intervention
  * encourage partnership between statutory authorities and parents
  * restructure the framework of the courts, in particular with regard to family proceedings
  * redefine the concept of parental responsibility
The Children Act 2004 came as a direct result of the Laming Report following the death of Victoria Climbie. This report made 108 recommendations to the child protection in the UK. The main points were:
  * there should be a much closer working relationship between agencies such as health professionals, schools and welfare services
  * there should be a central database containing records of all children and whether they are known to different services
  * there should be an independent children's commissioner for England to protect children and young people's rights
  * there should be a children and families board, chaired by a senior government minister
  * Ofsted will set a framework which will monitor children's services.
The Children Act 2004 required that these recommendations became a legal requirement.
The Every Child Matters framework was introduced to implement the Act and the wider reform programme. The ‘Working together to Safeguard Children' document, set out how organisations and...