Marble Sarcophagus with the Myth of Selene and Endymion

Matt Schroeder
Writing assignment 2
Marble sarcophagus with the myth of Selene and Endymion

The story on the sarcophagus is about the love of Selene and Endymion. Selene is the moon goddess and Endymion is a young beautiful man that is a shepherd. Selene fell in love with Endymion after Selene saw him asleep in a grotto on top of Mount Latmos. Selene visited Endymion for many nights. Finally Endymion was given eternal youth and he was put into eternal sleep. Selene did this to him so she could be with him forever.
This sarcophagus also contains another story of love. This story is between a god and a mortal woman. The story is about the myth of Psyche and Cupid. Cupid is the god of love and he is the son of Venus who is the goddess of love. The mortal woman’s name is Psyche and is extremely beautiful. Psyche’s beauty causes Venus to become very jealous. Venus sends Cupid to trick Psyche to fall in love with an ugly man. However, Cupid starts to fall in love with Psyche himself. Cupid then decides to hide her in a beautiful palace. He visits Psyche every night but is hidden by the darkness of the night so she does not know who he actually is. On one night Psyche decides to hide an oil lamp so she can see who is watching her from the darkness. Cupid falls asleep sometime throughout the night. Psyche then went over with the oil lamp to see who it is and discovers that it is Cupid. She accidently drops some of the oil from the lamp onto Cupid. He escapes and goes back to his mother Venus. Psyche then appeals for Venus’s forgiveness. Venus gives her a list of impossible tasks for Psyche to do to gain her forgiveness. Cupid then convinces the God Jupiter to help plead their case to Venus. Jupiter is successful and Psyche is granted immortality and is married to Cupid.
On the front side of the sarcophagus there are carved figures and animals that cover the top and bottom and include each end. The lower carvings are carved in very deep relief. This section of...