Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements

Axia College Material
Appendix C

Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements

Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times?

Part I

Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model.

Leader and Associated Legislation, if any Date(s) Organization and/or Cause Contribution
A. Philip Randolph 1941 Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which fought Discrimination His threat to march on Washington to protest discriminatory treatment caused former President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with new policies on job discrimination.
Congress of Racial Equality
1942 Founded in 1942 to fight discrimination using
nonviolent action.
The interracial group used sit-ins to open restaurants to
Black patrons in Chicago, Baltimore, and Los Angeles.
Rosa Parks
1955 Refused request to move from a white area of the bus. Organization of the Montgomery improvement association headed by Martin Luther King
Martin Luther KIng
1955, 1963 Thought that all races should be treated equal. Blacks should have the same privileges as Whites. Headed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference Started a boycott of busses that ended segregation; Organized a series of equal rights marches; desegregation of public facilities.
Harriet Tubman
N/A Underground Railroad Developed the Underground Railroad as a means for escaping slaves to gain freedom to
the Northern states and Canada

Abraham Lincoln 1863
1865 United States President Signed Emancipation Proclamation, which gave hope to slaves. Thirteenth Amendment
abolished slavery throughout the nation in 1865
Lyndon Baines Johnson
1964 United States President Stopped...