Civil Rights

Associate Level Material
Appendix C

Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements

Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times?

Part I

Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model.

|Leader and Associated   |Date(s)     |Organization and/or Cause                       |Contribution                                   |
|Legislation, if any     |             |                                               |                                               |
|A. Philip Randolph     |1941         |Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which     |His threat to march on Washington to protest   |
|                       |             |fought Discrimination                           |discriminatory treatment caused former         |
|                       |             |                                               |President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with   |
|                       |             |                                               |new policies on job discrimination.             |
|Martin Luther King Jr. |1955-1968   |Montgomery Improvement Association. Southern   |His organization represented Rosa Parks and led|
|                       |             |Christian Leadership Conference                 |Blacks to use nonviolent direct action to       |
|                       |             |                                               |obtain the same rights that Whites already     |
|                       |             |                                               |enjoyed. Also used civil disobedience           |
|                       |             |...