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Appendix C

Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements

Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times?

Part I

Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model.

|Leader and Associated   |Date(s)     |Organization and/or Cause                       |Contribution                                   |
|Legislation, if any     |             |                                               |                                               |
|A. Philip Randolph     |1941         |Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which     |His threat to march on Washington to protest   |
|                       |             |fought Discrimination                           |discriminatory treatment caused former         |
|                       |             |                                               |President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with   |
|                       |             |                                               |new policies on job discrimination.             |
|B. Linda Brown/ NAACP   |1954         |Brown v. Board of Education,   challenged       |Made public school segregation illegal in the   |
|                       |             |segregated schools through 14th Amendment       |United States.                                 |
|C. Rosa Parks           |1955         |Refuse to give up her seat at the front of the |Her refusal began a yearlong bus boycott that   |
|                       |             |bus, beginning of bus boycott                   |ended seat segregation.                         |
|                       |1955-1963   |Southern Christian Leadership Conference;       |Organized marches...