Judaism began about 4000 years ago (1986BC) when a Hebrew man called Abraham promoted the main idea of the Jewish faith that there is one God. At this time the Hebrews believed in many Gods but when Abraham raised the idea that there is only one God they all believed him and believed in the one God. Then one day God decided to test Abraham’s faith, he said that if he left his hometown there would be land which he would own- this later would be known as the Promised Land.The closest that anyone has ever came to naming what Jews believed in is Rambams thirteen principles of faith which are stated below.  

1) God exists
2) God is one and unique
3) God is incorporeal
4) God is eternal
5) Prayer is to be directed to God alone and to no other
6) The words of the prophets are true
7) Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
8) The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses
9) There will be no other Torah
10) God knows the thoughts and deeds of men
11) God will reward the good and punish the wicked
12) The Messiah will come
13) The dead will be resurrected
Abraham is the father of the Jewish people. Jews see Abraham as a symbol of trusting and obeying God. Abraham is also important to followers of Christianity. The story of Abraham is told in the Book of Genesis the first book of the Hebrew and Christian Bibles in chapters 12-25.
Moses is the leader who freed them from slavery in Egypt. Moses protected the Jews from the wrath of God, and negotiated with God on their behalf.
A place where a Jew can worship God is called a synagogue. The synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, but is also can be used as a place to study, and its often used as a community Centre.
Synagogue services can be led by a rabbi, a cantor or a member of the congregation.

Traditional Jewish worship requires a minyan to take place.
There are many prayers in...