Intergrating Functional Skills

Integrating Functional skills

When researching the integration of functional skills there is a wide range of resources containing the models appropriate to alternate ways of embedding the skills into the subject area. With websites offering different types of information, the most to the point would be The Edexcel website provides several booklets including the Functional skills curriculum model PDF. But the most useful document was developing skills in art and design, by National Strategies, the document was extremely clear and user friendly.

The government for many years have debated about the introduction of a skills set in numeracy, literacy and ICT to a standard that when anyone who was able to be employed, would be at least a level two – or GCSE A-C. Unfortunately there were many who were not. The government decided to take steps to address the issue of low level numeracy and literacy in the young and adult population.

In 1999, Moser reported that:

Something like one adult in five in this country is not functionally literate and far more people have problems with numeracy. It is one of the reasons for relatively low productivity in our economy and it cramps the lives of millions of people. (Moser, 1999, p8)

The idea that was proffered would be the introduction of functional skills, also known as core skills, key skills and skills for life, into all areas of the curriculum to increase knowledge in English, maths and ICT so people know how to use the skills in real life contexts. They are at the heart of the 14-19 reforms that aims to up-skill the workforce with a target of having 90% of students with a level 2 qualification by 2020.

“Functional Skills are the core elements of English, mathematics and ICT that provide an individual with the essential understanding that will enable them to operate confidently effectively and independently in life, education and work.” (

There are several different models of...