Intelectual Development Chart

Age of child | Stage of development | Activities & Equipment | Health & Safety |
Birth to 4 months | Newborn* touch – from the beginning babies feel pain, baby's body is very sensitive to touch, * sound – even a newborn baby will turn to a sound, often stops crying and listens to a human voice ( two weeks baby), * taste – the baby likes sweet tastes (breast milk)* smell – the baby turns to the smell of the breast* sight – the baby: - can focus an objects from 20 cm away- is sensitive to light- likes to look at human faces – eye contact- can track the movements of human or objects- will scan the edges of objects- will imitate facial expressions (e.g. will put out their tongue if you do)1- 4 months* recognises differing speech sounds* by 3 months the baby can imitate low or high-pitched sounds* by 4 months the baby links objects they know with the sound (mother's voice and her face) | * musical rattles* lights* cuddly toys* talking to baby* music | * sterilization* supervision* clean rugs* age appropriate toys |
4 - 6 months | * by 4 months- teaches for objects (which suggests they recognise and judge the distance in relation to the size of the object)* prefers complicated things to look at and enjoys bright colours * knows that he/she has one mother* realises that people are permanent before they realises that objects are* the baby can coordinate more – can see a rattle, grasp a rattle, put the rattle in the mouth (they coordinate tracking, reaching, grasping and sucking)* develop favorite tastes in food and recognises differences by 5 months | * as above* object with different shapes, texture and colours* lots of different colours and pictures around* different types of food | * as above* clear spaces* avoid small toys* puree food |
6 - 9 months | *understands signs – the bib means that food is coming* from 8-9 months the baby shows that he/she knows objects exist when they have gone out of sight , even under test condition. This is called the...