Information Paper Hmmwv

Intermediate Level Education Common Core
F100: Managing Army Change

Lesson F108
Force Management Case Study

SG 2B   4 December 2011

SUBJECT: HMMWV Development, History, Current Status and Recap Program

1.   Purpose: To provide historical and current information on the HMMWV and the recap program for use in an argumentative essay, culminating in a group case study briefing.

2.   Facts:

    a.   In the 1970’s, the U.S. Army concluded that they needed to replace the militarized civilian trucks that no longer met their requirements. In 1979, the Army drafted plans for the HMMWV. AM General developed prototypes that the Army began field testing in 1980. The Army awarded the initial production contract to AM General in 1981 for 55,000 HMMWV’s. The Army field tested the HMMWV’s from 1985 through December 1991.

    b.   The HMMWV has become the vehicular backbone of U.S. forces around the world. From 1989 to the present, the U.S. military has employed the HMMWV in conventional operations as well as asymmetric warfare and low intensity conflicts. The Army first employed the HMMWVs in combat in Operation Just Cause, the U.S. invasion of Panama in 1989. Coalition forces employed over 10,000 during the Iraq War. They continue to employ the HMMWV by the droves in Operation Enduring Freedom.

    c.   The HMMWV has undergone extensive development changes. The Army designed the vehicle primarily for personnel and light cargo transport behind front lines, not as a front line fighting vehicle. It was never designed to offer protection against intense small arms fire, machine guns and rocket propelled grenades. With the rise of asymmetric warfare and low intensity conflicts, however, the U.S. military has been forced to alter the design to protect its personnel. It designed and installed “Up-Armor” kits on M998 HMMWV’s, the first prototype HMMWV. However, these kits...