Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills Module 1

What is Hypnosis?   Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy.


In this essay, we will aim to describe what hypnosis is, look at the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis,   look at the history of hypnosis, along with its application in today’s world. The essay will also discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy.   This will include the importance and necessity of such a state for the successful application of hypnosis.

Hypnosis can be traced back thousands of years to ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, Indian, the Middle East, Africa and the Aborigines of Australia. Unfortunately poor documentation from these cultures and times makes it difficult to prove that the ancient world really used hypnosis and, if so, to what end.

The more modern ‘stars’ of hypnotherapy have left behind a fascinating legacy of development and knowledge from which, we learn the aspects of hypnotherapy today. Starting with the real Godfather of hypnosis, Franz Anton Mesmer (1766) and continuing onto others such legends as James Braid (1840), and Freud (1873).

We will then looking at the physical and psychological aspects of hypnosis.   Examine the four main types of brain waves (Beta, Alpha, Theta and Delta waves), which brain waves come into play during hypnosis, and their relevance.   We will also look at the role of relaxation in getting the body and mind to the right physical state, consider the work of Edmond Jacobson (1929) on the effects of muscle contraction and the benefits of relaxation, leading to the role relaxation plays in hypnotherapy today, and the use of the Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Technique.

What is Hypnosis?

Over the years there have been many versions of hypnosis, dating back to ancient Egypt, Greece, and Australia to name a few.   However, the documented history of hypnosis in these times is patchy at best, and a clear definition of how hypnosis was...