Human Services


An overview of Human Services

Carrie Ruffin

University of Phoenix

Human Services Goal

        As a result of various barriers (examples: unemployment, lack of resources, and support groups) many individuals require assistance meeting their needs, here the human service professional becomes essential.   “Providing efficient, effective, integrated, and accessible services that support individual and family efforts to achieve independence and self-sufficiency,” is a human service professional’s aim.   According to Introduction to Human Services: Through the Eyes of Practice Settings by Michelle E. Martin, “ the chief goal of the human service professional is to support individuals as well as communities so that they function at their maximum potential, overcoming personal and social barriers as effectively as possible in the major domains of living.”
      The occupation of Human Services has always existed, though not named as such and has seen many phases.   People have extended a helping hand to their fellow man in times of need throughout history.   The names of such services and outlooks have changed but the purpose served still remains the same.   This practice dates back to biblical times.
      Human Services History
      In the middle ages they practiced the feudal system, where the poor (peasants or “serfs”) would farm the land of the wealthy.   The serfs then became the landowners (lords) property.   The landowners in return provided and cared for them.   This practice eventually dissolved as a result of natural disasters and increased demand for factory workers in some cities.   The dissolution of the feudal system greatly influenced the treatment of the poor.
      Around 1536, England’s relief act forced the cities to be searched for the less fortunate.   Upon location, they were investigated, and a judgment was then made either labeling them “worthy” or “unworthy.”   The “worthy” poor were people...