Human Developmnt

Human Development
Child Sexual Abuse and human growth and development
Sexual abuse occurs in both genders but more frequent to women in a heterosexual relationship.Maltz (2002) stated that most of sexual abuse happens in childhood, with incest among the most common form. When sexual abuse happens in childhood, it can delay normal social growth and can be root of many different psychological problems (Maltz, 2002). A study by Hartman, Finn and Leon found that women who went through familial abuse registered high levels of depression and anxiety when thinking about the abuse (Hartman, Finn, Leon, 1987). This paper will analyse the effects and consequences of child sexual abuse in relationship to cognitive and attachment theories and how they apply to human growth and development.
Brown et al (1998) mentions through their study that trauma at a young age can harmfully influence later emotional development (Brown, Cohen, Johnson and Salzinger, 1998). As found by Fletcher and Pynoons, when children are still constructioning outlook of the outside world, traumatic events can impede their development of essential sense of trust and personal safety as well as their outlook of the world and themselves (Fletcher, 2003, Pynoons et all, 1999). It all depends on their stage of development; children may be relying on parents and other adults to help them manage and be aware of feelings and emotions that occur after the sexual abuse. Their environment at the time of and following the event are crucial to their capability to process their emotional and physiological reactions (Pine and Cohen, 2000; Pynoons et al, 1995).
Bowlby (1969) mentions the importance of a supportive intervention of a non abusive parent is likely to assist in the formation of positive models of self and others (Bowlby, 1969). As stated by Godbout and Roche that those positive internalised models (secure attachment) may eventually lead to better personal and couple outcomes (Godbout et al, 2009; Roche et...