Hiv/Aids Issues in Nigeria

I. Background to Problem/Issue

The HIV/AIDS epidemic has posed a great health and social problem both in developed and developing counties of the world.   Lagos State has a population estimated at between 10-12 million persons.   The first reported case of HIV/AIDS in Lagos State was in 1986.   In Nigeria, the prevalence rate among pregnant women has increased from 1.8% in 1991 to 3.8% in 1994, 4.5% in 1996, 5.4% in 1999 and 5.8% in 2001 with a decline 5% in 2003. It has been confirmed that women of childbearing age in developing countries like Nigeria, acquire HIV infection everyday. Also it has been demonstrated by NCW+ that HIV+ women are source of awareness to Men.

In nearly 47 years of existence as a nation, and over one decade of plans, programs and activities on HIV/AIDS, Nigerian citizens with disability are yet to have access to comprehensive information on HIV/AIDS including Counseling and Testing. This project will provide gathering to brainstorm on the ways and means of their inclusion and practical strategies and tactics of enforcing and reinforcing that inclusion in National AIDS Campaign. The fundamental negligence had persisted for a long period, so there is a need to mainstream the significant number of 10% of Nigerian population in the awareness, counseling and testing programs.

More pathetic is the fact that these people have little or no access to information and education, due to their condition with little or no help from their relations. Of course in a community where people are not properly educated on HIV, the stigma blossoms, which renders women and people with disability more, discriminated against. Capacity and resources are stretched to breaking point and those providing the necessary care in many cases are already impoverished. Due to lack of information and counseling these people are at the risk of being infected with the virus, they are also more at risk of transmitting the virus to other and they can also progress faster to...