Hiv/Aids: an Overview

HIV/AIDS: An Overview
Virginia Skov
Axia College of University of Phoenix
July 12, 2009

      There is an epidemic that is sweeping the world today and no one is immune to its devastating outcome. This epidemic knows no boundaries. Age, gender, ethnic background, race or religion does not play a role in how this epidemic affects people. This epidemic is known as HIV slash AIDS.
      Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are two different diseases. When a person gets HIV there are four stages in which the disease progresses. According to essortment (2002),
The period following infection is called the window. [This period] is called this because it reflects the window of time between infection and that which antibodies are develop in a person. The HIV test looks for antibodies not the virus. The second stage is called seroconversion. This [occurs] when the body begins to develop [many] antibodies to fight off the virus in the body. During this period a person may have flu like symptom. Also during this period is said to be very infectious. The third stage is called symptom free. During this period a person may have no symptom what so ever. This can last any where from 6 months to well over [10] years. The medical world is not sure why some people are living symptom free for so long. The final stage is called AIDS. This is the period when TCELL drop to below 200 and the OI"S are present.
(para. 5)
Although these two diseases are closely related to each other, a person has to have HIV before acquiring full blown AIDS. On the other hand a person with HIV may never get to the final stage of the disease and never get AIDS. AIDS is just a stage of the disease known as HIV. HIV is a versatile disease that can be transmitted in a few different ways.
There are many myths about how HIV is transmitted. Scientists and researchers have proven through extensive testing that there are only six ways in which a person can...