Health and Social Care: Unit 21 Nutrition P1

This assignment will discuss concepts associated with nutritional health, show a copy of the eat well plate relevant to an individual’s diet and will discuss obesity in depth.
Food is a necessity in everybody’s daily life. People need food to enable them to grow, for energy and to survive. Some people might need more food than others, for example an athlete or someone playing sports such as rugby, will need more food than somebody who works in an office.
Malnutrition is a serious condition that can occur when a person’s diet doesn’t have the right amount of nutrients.
Malnutrition basically means ‘poor nutrition’ and can refer to both undernutrition and over nutrition. Under nutrition is where a person’s body does not receive enough nutrients, whereas over nutrition is where a person’s body receives too many nutrients
Malnutrition can affect almost anyone, there is estimated 3 million malnourished individuals at any time, with many more at risk.
The obvious sign of undernutrition is unintended weight loss and obesity is the main symptom of over nutrition.
Those who are experiencing undernutrition may become tired constantly, develop weak muscles, low mood and an increase in illness and infection.
( : 2015)
A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn’t absorb the necessary amount of a nutrient.
Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems, such as problems of digestion, skin problems, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia. ( :2012)
There are many different types of nutritional deficiencies, the most widespread deficiency worldwide is an iron deficiency, which can result in anemia.
Obesity is a term used to describe those who are very overweight. It is a common issue, and effects one in every four adults and one in every five children in the UK. ( :2014)
Obesity can be identified through an individuals’ BMI of 30-39.9. However, it is not...