Hatshepsut: Social, Political, Military, Economic

Mortuary Temple – Deir el Bahri
Well with tradition in the respect of architecture, Hatshepsut like her predecessors set out to build her Mortuary temple at Deir el Bahri. But unlike previous buildings Hatshepsut’s temple set a new architectural standard for future pharaohs, with her incorporated originality and daring architecture. Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple is a remarkable creation, made not from quarried rock, but from the surrounding limestone cliffs, it truly is the apex of Thebes. Composed of three terraces, flanking carronades and spacious courts was a complete new innovation, unlike any before with its ascending ramps carved from living rock. The building is a true testament to the society in which Hatshepsut lived, and never fails to impress even the toughest of historians such as Gardiner who stated ‘even now there is no nobler architectural achievement to be seen in the whole of Egypt’. The temples madgesty impressed her people and reinforced as well as strengthened her position as a pharaoh capable of great might and also challenged the pharaoh of the future to rival her masterpiece.
Expedition to Punt, Year 9
The jewel of Hatshepsut’s reign was her expedition to Punt, not only did the expedition bring greater wealth to Egypt it also bore the cost of Hatshepsut’s monumental building scheme. The expedition opened up trade between Egypt and inner Africa, via contact made, significantly not for conquest but trade. The land of punt opened up many wonders to the Egyptians, as seen by the reliefs etched into Hatshepsut’s Mortuary temple. Punt brought a variety of marine life, date palms as well as frankincense and ebony trees and other exotic goods such as ivory, live animals and skins as well as gold. As Tyldsley rightly states ‘her famous expedition to Punt [was] clearly one of the highlights of Hatshepsut’s reign, tyldsley words corroborate the fact that the expedition to punt served to stimulate the economy of the future, providing...