1. How Are the Failures in Economic, Social, Political, and Ecological Systems the Result of Modernism Reaching Its Limits? How Are These Failures Being Propelled by Globalization? in What Sense Could These Failures Be

1. How are the failures in economic, social, political, and ecological systems the result of modernism reaching its limits? How are these failures being propelled by globalization? In what sense could these failures be considered the birth pangs of a new stage of social organization that goes beyond modernism?
Modernism has put pressure upon the various aspects of society to further improve them. Doing so has required monetary funds and the cooperation with political officials. These goals tend to fail themselves. Consumerism is one of the outcomes of modernism. Attitudes have adjusted to a disposable lifestyle. When a new product is released, there is a superficial “need”. Modernism, as defined, was initially the self-conscious break with the past and the search of new forms of expression. Pursuing newer ideas can, at times, be a destructive venture.
Globalization has caused a spur in consumer spending thus allowing more space for innovation and technological expanse.
Such movements can spur the growth of social movements hence promoting superficial values amongst the people. The socialite class will direct the current fashions within the industry. A certain item would be described as “cool” yet monetarily unreasonable. This is a common trait seen with those who purchase Apple products. Apple uses a technique called Market Price Skimming. Apple charges the maximum price for a new product to gain the most revenue and then decrease the price as time passes by.
These practices promote consumerism. As soon as a new device is released, the consumer “needs” it. This will create a social movement. Even people from the lower income bracket will attempt to purchase said items when it poses no benefits to their financial situation.

2. Where will the issue of human rights on a global scale lead us? Will the entire world adopt Western views? Will the the present relative decline of the West lead to the emergence of a non-Western global culture? Do leaders in other...