Hate Speech and Communal Violence

Hate   Speech
Hate   speech   is,   outside   the   law,   communication   that   vilifies   a   person   or   a   group   on   the   basis   of   color,   disability,   ethnicity,   gender,   nationality,   race,   religion,   sexual   orientation,   or   other   characteristic.
In   law,   hate   speech   is   any   speech,   gesture   or   conduct,   writing,   or   display   which   is   forbidden   because   it   may   incite   violence   or   prejudicial   action   against   or   by   a   protected   individual   or   group,   or   because   it   disparages   or   intimidates   a   protected   individual   or   group.   The   law   may   identify   a   protected   individual   or   a   protected   group   by   disability,   ethnicity,   gender,   gender   identity,   nationality,   religion,   race,   sexual   orientation,   or   other   characteristic.   In   some   countries,   a   victim   of   hate   speech   may   seek   redress   under   civil   law,   criminal   law,   or   both.   A   website   that   uses   hate   speech   is   called   a   hate   site.   Most   of   these   sites   contain   Internet   forums   and   news   briefs   that   emphasize   a   particular   viewpoint.   There   has   been   debate   over   how   freedom   of   speech   applies   to   the   Internet.
Critics   have   argued   that   the   term   "hate   speech"   is   a   modern   example   of   Newspeak,   used   to   silence   critics   of   social   policies   that   have   been   poorly   implemented   in   a   rush   to   appear   politically   correct
Position   In   India:
India   prohibits   any   manner   of   expression   which   someone   might   consider   insulting   to   his   religion   or   which   for   whatever   reason   might   disturb   public   tranquility.   Freedom   of   speech   and   expression   is   protected   by   article   19   (1)   of   the   constitution   of   India,   but   under   article   19(2)   "reasonable   restrictions"...