Hate Crimes

Associate Level Material
Appendix H

Outline and Thesis Statement Guide

What is your thesis statement?   Hate crimes are committed with the intent not only of sending a message to the targeted victim, but also to the community as a whole.

  I. Why and who hate crimes affect

II. Hate crimes affect the victim as well as the community

  A. What effects can hate crimes have on victims

  1. Victims of violent hate crimes may suffer from more psychological distress, depression, stress, anxiety, anger than victims of other comparable violent crimes
  2. Survivors of violent crimes, including hate crimes, are also at risk for developing a variety of mental health problems including depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder

  B. What effects can a hate crime have on communities

  1. They affect community cohesion and social stability

  2. Crimes of this nature traumatize the entire community

  III. Hate crimes differ from other crimes in their effect on victims and on community stability

  A. Hate crimes are often especially brutal or injurious

  1. Victim’s usually feel traumatized and terrified
  2. Families of victims often feel frustrated and powerless

  B. Others in the community who share the victim's characteristics may feel victimized and vulnerable

  1. Hate incidents can escalate and prompt retaliatory action
  2. Hate crimes and hate incidents create communitywide unrest

  IV. Hate crimes can happen for many reasons

  A. Hate crimes are those in which victims are chosen solely or primarily because of their actual or presumed sexual/affectional orientation or preference, gender identity and/or status
  1. Hate crimes are also committed based on race, religion, disability, ethnicity and national origin

  2. Hate crimes may include property crimes or physical violence resulting in injury

  B. Hate crimes often occur as a result of prejudice and...