Hate Crime

Hate crime: Islamphobia
The United States is one of the most successful examples when it comes to having a multicultural, multiracial, and multi religious nation in the world. However these differences in the population have also proved to have negative sentiments in the society leading to violence between residents, violence such as ant-Semitism, anti-black, xenophobic, homophobic, and recently Islamphobia. Hate crime as a term and as a legal category of crime is a product of increased race, gender, and sexual orientation awareness in modern American society and around the world. Hate crimes also called bias-motivated crimes occur when perpetrator targets a victim because of his her perceived membership in a certain social group, usually defined by racial group, religion, sexual orientation, disability class, ethnicity, nationality, age, gender and political affiliation.
American history is sadly filled with crimes of hatred against those who were different than the average JOE. From lynching to cross burnings to harm of synagogues and mosques, the term “hate crime” did not enter the nations vocabulary books until the 198s when emerging hate groups like the skinheads launched a wave of hate crimes. Hate crime, then was seen as a instrument of intimidation and control exercised against those who seem to have stepped outside the boxes that society has carefully constructed to keep the society in harmony. The U.S government passed hates crime laws in the 1980s because of various historical factors such as the civil rights movement and the following feat of identity politics. Since the middle of the twentieth century, racism based on race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation has been more and more condemned by American society, especially its political leaders (Jacobs and Potter 5). Hate crimes have existed long back but awareness of hate crimes is higher in recent times, especially after the resent growing of victims of the post 9/11 terrorist attacks who...