Hamas Origns



To understand the origins of HAMAS, we must first look at the origins of the Israel and Palestine conflict, and the result in the divide of the Palestinian people. The history of what is now Israel and Palestine dates back to the Ottoman empire, and the dispute is centred around the area that extended in the north-south direction typically from Rafah which is south-east of Gaza to the Litani River which is now in Lebanon. We are primarily concerned by the more recent events, more specifically from 1947 to present. Previous to 1947 the British controlled the territories, in what history refers to as the British Mandate.

On the 29th of November 1947 the United Nations General Assembly voted 33 to 13 with 10 no votes, in favour of dividing the territory into two separate states, one for Arab population and the other for the Jewish population. The Jewish parties accepted the proposal, the Arab factions supported by other Arab states and countries did not. The result of this disagreement in policy was wide spread sectarian violence, which lasted several months, the result was hundreds of deaths on both sides. With sectarian violence spiralling out of control, the disputed territories, was soon in the midst of a civil war. The resulting battles saw an estimated figure of some 300,000 to 350,000 Arabs displaced from their homes and forced to flee.

On the 14th of May 1948 the Independent state of Israel was formed and it was a country born into war, Iraq, Syria, and Egypt sent Expeditionary Forces which attacked Israel with no success. Jordan occupied territories that were to be for the Arab State. Jordan and Israeli forces fought over control of Jerusalem. On the 11th of June, a cease fire was agreed by the warring factions. Israeli military commanders used this to reorganise and reinforce its military forces. The outcome was that with its reinforcement cycle complete the Israeli forces were able to seize several territories and more...