Forms of Child Abuse



The four types of child abuse recognised within child protection are Physical, Emotional, Neglect and Sexual.

PHYSICAL ABUSE may involve hitting, shaking, kicking, throwing, poisoning burning or scalding, drowning and in general any type of abuse that cause physical harm or injury to a child.

EMOTIONAL ABUSE is the persistent emotional ill treatment of a child such as to cause sever and persistent adverse effects on the childs emotional development.   It may involve conveying to the child that they are worthless or unloved and generally making the child feel scared and in danger.   This type of abuse often occurs when a child is also suffering from other forms of abuse too.

NEGLECT can occur when a child does not receive adequate shelter, clothing and food and where a childs basic physical and psychological needs are not met, and is likely to result in the impairment of the childs health or development.

SEXUAL ABUSE involves forcing to enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening.   This may involve penetrative such as touching the childs body for sexual gratification even where a child is clothed, and also or non-penetrative acts, such as forcing a child to look at sexual materials or watching a child undress.   This can also involve non contact activities such as looking at pornographic materials via the internet.

There are other forms of exploitation in children, such as child trafficking whereby the recruitment and movement of children if used for the purpose of exploitation.   Abuse can also be related to faith and belief such as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), forced marriage, honour based violence etc.
The spread of extremist views whether based on culture, religion or political ideology is also becoming a significant issue that we must be aware of and take steps to address.

Another form of abuse wherever there is violence in the home, careful...