How Has ‘Child Abuse’ Been Conceptualised and Addressed in Terms of Policy and Law Since 1945?

SPY2007- Policy and law for children and young people.
How has ‘Child Abuse’ been conceptualised and addressed in terms of policy
and law since 1945?
This assignment will look at how ‘Child Abuse’ has been conceptualised and addressed in terms of policy and law since 1945 to the present day. It will do this by providing a historical and analytical summary of the policies and laws which have been put in place to prevent children from being harmed since 1945. The essay will firstly explaining what ‘Child Abuse’ is and what forms it can come in. It will then explain what policies and laws have been created and put in place since 1945 and if they have helped protect children, and decrease the amount of children being abused. The essay will then conclude by asking why is ‘Child Abuse’ still an issue today after all that has been done to prevent it since 1945.
“Child Abuse consists of anything which individuals, institutions or process do or fail to do which directly or indirectly harms children or damages their prospects of a safe and healthy development into adulthood. It is when a child dies or is harmed through emotional cruelty, physical cruelty, neglect or sexual abuse.”                                                                           (The National Society of the Prevention of Cruelty towards Children, NSPCC, 2009)
The term ‘Child Abuse’ is the title given to the act of an adult harming a child or a young person under 18 years old. Child abuse comes in four forms; these are physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. All of these forms can cause long term damage to the child that is being abused. Physical abuse is when a child is hurt or injured physically; this includes hitting, kicking, punching and other ways of inflicting pain onto the child such as poisoning them or smothering them. It is also seen as physical abuse to give a child drugs or alcohol, which are harmful to them. Emotional abuse is when an adult constantly threatens and...