Educational Research Article Review

Interview Assignment

Rebecca Whitehill

Liberty University


      After interviewing four children ranging in age from preschool to high school, the importance of understanding their social, moral and emotional development was made apparent.   Throughout the course of these interviews, the different developmental stages are explored by having the children answer five open-ended questions.

      Interview #1

      The first interview was conducted with a preschooler who has been diagnosed to be on the autism spectrum.   Erikson suggested that people pass through eight psychosocial stages during their lives.   The stage that was demonstrated by the preschooler was Stage III or the initiative versus guilt stage.   “During this period, children’s’ continually maturing motor and language skills permit them to be increasingly aggressive and vigorous in the exploration of both their social and physical environments.” (Slavin, 2012, pg. 54).   This was determined by the preschooler’s vigorous play involving soccer and hockey. (See appendix A).   The preschooler is actively trying to figure out who she may become by attempting sports.   The child also seemed to have entered Stage IV or the industry versus inferiority stage.   The preschooler seems very interested in making things and finding validation in her achievements.   In Stage IV, Slavin states that “success brings with it a sense of industry, a good feeling about oneself and one’s abilities” (Slavin, 2012, pg. 55).

      Next, we move on to the preschooler’s moral development.   Piaget suggested that moral development is achieved in stages ranging from egocentric to being based on a justice system.   The preschooler, based on her answers, is in the heteronomous morality stage.   The preschooler believes that if a rule is broken the consequence is automatic punishment.   Piaget described children at this stage as judging the morality of behavior on the basis of its consequences (Slavin, 2012,...