Early Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Early Identification and Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders

For young children with, or at risk for, an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the world can be an overwhelming and confusing place.   These children struggle through everyday life and tasks, without being able to efficiently communicate their most basic needs.   Autism is a developmental disorder that affects a person's ability to communicate and interact with others, and often presents with a variety of other developmental delays.   With the latest research showing nearly 1 out of 100 children being diagnosed with an ASD (Schwartz & Sandall, 2010); it is imperative that intervention targets these young children, doing everything in attempt to ensure the most successful outcome, not only for the child, but their families as well.   Early identification and intervention, led by parental involvement within the natural environment is critical for children with, or at risk for, Autism Spectrum Disorder, to ensure the most successful outcomes.
In order to achieve this success, the intervention needs to begin early for the best outcome.   Not only should the intervention take place as early as possible, therapies and techniques should focus on parental involvement and participation within the child's natural environment, not only for efficiency, but for greater intensity as well.   Finally, because state funded therapy programs can only provide very basic intervention services, educating parents and other caregivers to facilitate intervention techniques and supplement therapies throughout daily routines, provides an efficient and cost effective way to get the intensity of intervention for greater success.
"Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is the current term used to describe a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders that includes autism, atypical autism and Asperger Syndrome," (McClure & Melville, 2007).   Current research shows that the initial signs and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder are...