Pervasive Develpmental Disorders

Pervasive Developmental Disorders
The cause of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) is not yet known. Children are being affected by this disorder at an increasing rate. Each year experts in PDD agree that the number of children with this condition has increased in recent years (Jane Case-Smith, 1999). There are many different disorders that fall under the Autism spectrum. Some of these disorders include Autism, Asperger’s disorder, and PDD not otherwise specified. Recent estimates suggest that the incidence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the United States is approximately 6 per 1,000 children, equating to around 114,000 children younger than age 5 years (Watling & Dietz, 2007). A child who has any of these disorders is usually treated with some type of Occupational therapy intervention. The purpose of this research paper is to find out if Occupational therapy intervention helps children who have social behavior issues related to PDD.
Some may ask what PDD is. The term Pervasive Developmental Disorders was first used in the 1980’s to describe a class of disorders. This class of disorders has in common the following characteristics: impairments in social interaction, imaginative activity, verbal and nonverbal communication skills, and a limited number of interests and activities that tend to be repetitive (Luke Y. Tsai, 2003) The term pervasive developmental disorder describes a wide range of conditions that are characterized by global developmental delays, particularly in communication and social interaction (Case-Smith & Miller, 1999). Children with PDD typically demonstrate deficits in the areas of language and communication, social skills, play skills, praxis, cognitive abilities, and attention (Case-Smith & Miller, 1999). All of the disorders that fall under the PDD category are neurological and have no known cause. The child who has PDD will exhibit a lack of social behavior interaction and communication skills. Social behavior...