Developmental Psychology: Notes

Developmental Psychology:
Forces that determine the nature of development during adulthood:

  1) Explain how the interaction of biological, sociocultural and life-cycle forces shape a person’s       development and, therefore, could explain individual differences in development during adulthood.
  2) Explain how normative and non-normative influences determine the degree to which the combination of biological, psychological, sociocultural and life-cycle forces will be common or unique according to Baltes.
1) Biological, psychological, socio-cultural and life cycle-forces shape us as we mature and direct our development. Biological forces are genetic and health-related factors that affect development like menopause, facial wrinkling, and changes in the major organ systems. Psychological forces are internal perceptual, cognitive, emotional and personality factors that affect development; together these provide the characteristics we notice about people that make them individuals. Sociocultural forces are interpersonal societal, cultural and ethnic factors. Sociocultural forces provide the overall contexts in which we develop. Life-cycle forces reflect differences in how the same event or combination of biological, psychological, and sociocultural forces affects people at different points in their lives. Life-cycle forces provide the context for the developmental differences of interest in adult development and aging.

One way of looking at how these interact with each other is by looking at the biopsychosocial framework. Together with life-cycle forces, the biopsychosocial framework provides a complete overview of the shapers of human development. Each of us is a product of a unique combination of these forces. Even identical twins growing up in the same family, in the same house, going to the same schools eventually have their own unique friends, partners, occupations, and so on.

As an example, let’s say that we want to know how...