Dem 201

1.1 Explain what is meant by the term 'dementia'
It is a disease that affects the person's abilities to think, to understand reasoning and to live and manage their own life. Dementia is a decline in the brains function which is caused by disease or injury.
1.2a describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia

The key functions that are affected by dementia are in four areas of the brain. These areas are called lobes, and there is; Occipital, Frontal, Temporal, and Parietal. Each lobe has its own function that can be damaged which can heavily affect the way a person thinks and feels.
Occipital lobe- controls the ability to see
Frontal lobe- controls emotions, behaviour, and understanding of a person's surroundings
Temporal lobe- controls two of the senses which is the ability of speech and hearing as well as the memory
Parietal lobe- controls the identification of places, objects, and people, and the way we talk
1.3 explain why depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia
Depression maybe mistaken for dementia because both illnessess can cause a quick behaviour change in a person for example with both of these the sufferer can become distant with friends and family.
Delirium maybe mistaken for dementia because they both cause incoherence and illusions.
Age-related memory impairment can occur at any age (much like the title suggests) but many think it only happens at an older age which is why it is mostly linked to dementia.

2.1 outline the medical model of dementia
Medical model of dementia is a group of degenerative brain disorders that lead to intellectual deterioration and gradual loss of mental and physical function which causes disability and death, and so is the main concentration for treatment.

2.2 outline the social model of dementia
Social model of dementia is firstly getting to know the person with dementia and focusing on the abilities they still have. Listening to...