Cultural Life in the 1960s

US History
May 2, 2003

The 1960’s decade was an era of impacting change.   Throughout the sixties new ideas and beneficial events took place.   White Americans began to expand their limitations and live new outgoing lives.   While white families were prospering, African Americans were fighting for civil rights, seeking to be treated equally.   The sixties was an experimental era of change influenced by fighting for civil rights and entertainment becoming a huge roll in the typical American’s lifestyle.
During the 1960’s Whites and African American did not receive the same rights.   African Americans were treated poorly and unfairly.   No laws or acts had yet been passed to grant whites and blacks equal rights.     In 1954 The Brown vs. Board of Education ruling was created.   The ruling meant African Americans had, for the first time, a legal civil right to attend any public school.   The Brown vs. Board of education decision gave legal support to these first black and white students who had the courage to integrate public schools.   On Dec. 1, 1960, white students began a boycott when the first black students enrolled.   Many parents kept their children at home rather than sending them to a class with black children.  
Individual acts of defiance that gained attention in the fifties gathered tremendous support in the sixties when integrating not only schools but any public facility.   By September 1961, thousands of African American and white protestors joined a sit-in movement fighting for civil rights.   Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a civil rights leader of the 1960’s who lead by a highly effective method: Passive Resistance, or nonviolent civil disobedience.   King studied many of the famous methods of Mahatma Gandhi of India.   Passive Resistance requires great self-discipline and became a powerful tool for change.   King raised the civil rights movement to high moral ground and kept it there.   He forced people to focus on the issues of...