Cross Culture

CONFLICT RESOLUTION – Cross-Cultural Conflict - Kevin Avruch

Kevin Avruch Institute for Conflict Analysis & Resolution (4D3), George Mason University 3330 Washington Blvd., Arlington VA 22201 USA Keywords: conflict, individuals, communicational, orientation Contents 1. The Nature of Conflict 2. Culture 3. Cross-Cultural Conflict 4. Culture, Identity, and Conflict 5. Culture, Ethnicity, and Ethnic Conflict 6. Cross-Cultural Conflict Resolution Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch cultural, groups, resolution, resources,


In addition to framing the contexts in which conflict is understood and pursued by individuals, culture also links individual identities to collective ones. This fact is important in understanding the basis of most ethnic or nationalist conflicts, in which selected cultural material is utilized to constitute special sorts of social groups, those based upon putative (and primordial) ties of shared kinship, history, language, or religion. Understanding the impact of cultural difference is especially important for analysts or practitioners of conflict resolution who work in intercultural contexts, since culture affects many of the communicational or interlocutory processes that lie at the heart of most conflict resolution techniques. Finally, because of increasing transnational exchanges, the coming century will see many more encounters among individuals of all

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Conflict is competition by groups or individuals over incompatible goals, scarce resources, or the sources of power needed to acquire them. This competition is also determined by individuals’ perceptions of goals, resources, and power, and such perceptions may differ greatly among individuals. One determinant of perception is culture, the socially inherited, shared and learned ways of living possessed by individuals in virtue of their membership in social groups. Conflict that occurs across...