Child and Young Person Development

Know the main stages of child and young person development
1.1 Development of children is separated into areas of development. These areas are:
• Physical – gross motor skills, fine motor skills, general coordination, hand-eye coordination

• Communication and development – using language, problem solving, decision making, using skills in different ways, developing creative and imaginative skills

• Social, emotional and behavioural – taking turns, developing social skills, cooperating with others, learning about feelings of others, developing self-esteem and self-expression
The pattern of development is separated with milestones for different age ranges from birth through to adolescence. These milestones are an average of what is expected from children but not all children will reach the expected milestones at the same time. It is important that we recognise that children are all individual and will develop in their own way.

0-3 years
In the first 3 years physical development is really fast. At birth babies movements depend on reflexes that are needed for survival as they have very little control of their bodies. By the end of the first year babies have learnt to control their bodies more and are usually able to get around by crawling. In the second year a childs development will enable them to be able to walk. They begin to develop some fine motor skills and may be able to point and attempt to feed themselves. The fine motor skills will develop further in the third year of life, allowing a child to be able to hold a pencil. Their confidence will increase and they will be able to explore their surroundings.

Communication and Intellectual
Although babies are unable to understand or communicate it is an important part of their development for them to have attention and be stimulated. As babies cannot tell us what they are thinking or feeling they will use crying to communicate. They will cry when they are hungry and may try to suck things...