Child and Young Person Development

The Expected Patterns of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years:
Development is the gaining of skills in all aspects of the child’s life. In order to plan for children’s play and learning, it is essential that you know what they are likely to be able to do. This of course changes according to their age and stage of development. From birth to 19 years of age, children and young people tend to follow a broad development pattern. While all children and young people are different, the way in which they grow and develop is often quite similar. This means that we can work out a pattern for development and from this we can pinpoint particular skills or milestones that most children can do at different ages. You may notice that in particular classes or year groups, some pupils stand out because they have reached particular milestones in advance of or later than their peers, this may have an affect on their behaviour. For example, children in the last two years of primary school may start to become taller and develop some of the first signs of puberty. Their may also be pupils who are very tall or very small for their age, and this can sometimes affect how they are treated by their peers

The different types of development for each age are divided into three different areas:
. Physical development: This is an important area of children’s overall development and one which can often be believed will take place automatically as they grow. They will need to develop:
• Gross motor skills, using larger muscles such as those in arms and legs, for example to take actions like, throwing, walking and running.
• Fine motor skills, using smaller muscles such as those in fingers, to hold a pencil or a knife and fork, or doing up their clothes.
.Communication and Intellectual development: This is about the way that children learn to talk and understand others as well as the way in which they learn to think and work things out. Communication...