Ccld Level 4

K4D806 Significant theoretical perspectives on:-


-Programmed Learning - is a learning methodology or technique first proposed by the behaviourist   B F Skinner. According to Skinner “The purpose of programmed learning is to manage human learning under controlled conditions. Programmed learning has 3 elements:- it delivers information in small bites, it is self paced and it provides immediate feedback, both positive and negative, to the learner”.   Skinner based his ideas on the principle of operant conditioning, which theorized that learning takes place when a reinforcing stimulus is presented to reward a correct response.

-Laissez faire approaches – (learning just happens)
This model is based on the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau thought that children learned naturally like the opening of a flower bud, and were programmed to learn certain things at certain times. Rousseau's thinking was that children’s development would proceed anyway whether or not there was a significant influence from adults or the environment.

-The advantages of his approach are – stages are identified when children are –   sensitive to particular learning, child is encouraged to take the lead in learning, the development of development scales .

-The role of the adult and interaction with the child follow a “leave it to nature” model with a limited role for the adult. Negative aspects are that adults might not intervene at appropriate times or offer sufficient stimulation, and children are   seen as mostly passive

-The organistation of the learning environment is expected to be well resourced with plenty of equipment and activities and allowing children to explore freely, however low adult intervention might miss learning opportunities.

- Links to current research – current research especially concerning brain development, supports the view that the child has sensitive periods

- Social Construtivism including schema – This model is...