Blood Disorders

Blood Disorders
Laura S. Carlton
Yosely K. Cruz, RN, MHSA, MSN.

Blood Disorders
There are many different blood disorders that can be very harmful to an individual’s health. Some of the blood disorders are preventable and others we cannot prevent because they are hereditary. There are blood disorders that just cause discomfort and there are some that can be fatal. Blood disorders can affect any of the three main components of blood: red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and can also affect the plasma ( The blood disorders that I will be covering in this paper are Iron Deficiency Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia, and Thrombocytopenia. Treatment and prognosis for blood disorders vary, depending on the blood condition and the severity. Regardless of the type of blood disorder it is important to make sure that you get proper treatment.
Main Components of Blood
Blood has four main parts which are the red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and the plasma. White blood cells fight infection and kill off germs. Red blood cells deliver oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and transport carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs where it can be expelled. The red blood cells make up about half of bloods volume and it is the most abundant of the cells in the body; our body would die without them (   Platelets along with other substances come together to form clots to stop bleeding. You must also have calcium and vitamin k present to support the formation of clots. If you are low on those nutrients it may take a longer time to stop bleeding when injured and without these nutrients you could bleed to death. Plasma is also a very important component of blood; it is the fluid portion of blood that enables the cellular components (red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets) to travel throughout the circulatory system ( Antibodies travel to the battle fields of disease by way of the plasma.
Anemia is...